Combination HIV prevention (Treatment as Prevention and Prevention as Prevention).
People’s HIV prevention needs change during their lifetime, and a combination approach helps people to access the types of interventions that best suit their needs at different times. Combining approaches may also result in synergies that have greater impact than single interventions alone. Although ARV drugs play a key role in HIV prevention, they should be used in combination with an appropriate mix of the following.
Other biomedical interventions that reduce HIV risk practices and/or the probability of HIV transmission per contact event, including the following.
Male and female condoms. Male condoms reduce heterosexual transmission by at least 80% and offer 64% protection in anal sex among men who have sex with men, if used consistently and correctly. Fewer data are available for the efficacy of female condoms, but evidence suggests they can have a similar prevention effect.
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